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dc.contributor.authorAl-Obaidi, Mudhar A.A.R.
dc.contributor.authorZubo, R.H.A.
dc.contributor.authorRashid, F.L.
dc.contributor.authorDakkama, H.J.
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.
dc.contributor.authorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-20T17:15:33Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-22T08:28:22Z
dc.date.available2022-09-20T17:15:33Z
dc.date.available2022-09-22T08:28:22Z
dc.date.issued2022-09-08
dc.identifier.citationAl-Obaidi MAAR, Zubo RHA, Rashid FL et al (2022) Evaluation of solar energy powered seawater desalination pro-cesses: A review. Energies. 15(18): 6562.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19154
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractSolar energy, amongst all renewable energies, has attracted inexhaustible attention all over the world as a supplier of sustainable energy. The energy requirement of major seawater desalination processes such as multistage flash (MSF), multi-effect distillation (MED) and reverse osmosis (RO) are fulfilled by burning fossil fuels, which impact the environment significantly due to the emission of greenhouse gases. The integration of solar energy systems into seawater desalination processes is an attractive and alternative solution to fossil fuels. This study aims to (i) assess the progress of solar energy systems including concentrated solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV) to power both thermal and membrane seawater desalination processes including MSF, MED, and RO and (ii) evaluate the economic considerations and associated challenges with recommendations for further improvements. Thus, several studies on a different combination of seawater desalination processes of solar energy systems are reviewed and analysed concerning specific energy consumption and freshwater production cost. It is observed that although solar energy systems have the potential of reducing carbon footprint significantly, the cost of water production still favours the use of fossil fuels. Further research and development on solar energy systems are required to make their use in desalination economically viable. Alternatively, the carbon tax on the use of fossil fuels may persuade desalination industries to adopt renewable energy such as solar.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.3390/en15186562en_US
dc.rights(c) 2022 The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectSeawater desalinationen_US
dc.subjectMulti-effect distillationen_US
dc.subjectMultistage flashen_US
dc.subjectReverse osmosisen_US
dc.subjectPhotovoltaic and concentrated solar poweren_US
dc.subjectSpecific energy consumptionen_US
dc.subjectWater production costen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of solar energy powered seawater desalination pro-cesses: A reviewen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2022-09-05
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
dc.date.updated2022-09-20T17:15:35Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-09-22T08:29:05Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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