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dc.contributor.authorMuhmed, A.
dc.contributor.authorMohamed, Mostafa H.A.
dc.contributor.authorKhan, A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-09-16T14:13:55Z
dc.date.available2022-09-16T14:13:55Z
dc.date.issued2022-09
dc.identifier.citationMuhmed A, Mohamed M and Khan A (2022) The impact of moisture and clay content on the unconfined compressive strength of lime treated highly reactive clays. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering. 40: 5869-5893.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19132
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to provide a thorough evaluation for the changes in the microstructure and evolution of strength of highly reactive clays that were treated with 7 % lime over a period of curing time as a function of the mixing moisture content. Three series of testing were carried out on specimens with 100 %, 85 % and 75 % of bentonite content and prepared with different moisture content of 10, 20, 30 and 40 % above the corresponding optimum moisture content. Specimens of 100 % bentonite were treated with 7 % of lime, compacted to achieve a predetermined dry unit weight and cured at temperatures of 20 OC and 40 OC for up to 28 days whereas the specimens with 85 % and 75 % of bentonite content were prepared by the addition of sand and were cured at 20 oC for up to 7 days. Unconfined Compressive Strength tests and Scanning Electron Microscopy were conducted to observe the strength and the microstructural changes resulting from increasing mixing moisture content. California Bearing Ratio and Resilient Modulus were correspondingly determined based on correlations with the Unconfined Compressive Strength. The failure pattern was also studied to better understand the ultimate behaviour of lime stabilised clays. The results revealed that the strength of treated bentonite increased with the increase in the moisture content up to 30 % above the corresponding optimum moisture content and with increasing the curing time and temperature. Nevertheless, substituting bentonite with sand on the specimen resulted in a significant reduction on the attained strength. Furthermore, the results of California Bearing Ratio and Resilient Modulus showed that values for both parameters are significantly enhanced with lime treatment. The microstructural analysis provided visual evidence to the improved strength in which the pozzolanic reaction was found to be significantly affected by the amount of moisture in the mixture. The results suggested that compacting lime treated expansive clays with moisture content moderately higher than the optimum moisture content would result in a significant enhancement to the attained strength over the period of curing.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.en_US
dc.subjectLime stabilisationen_US
dc.subjectWater contenten_US
dc.subjectPozzolanic reactionen_US
dc.subjectCuring temperatureen_US
dc.subjectExpensive soilen_US
dc.subjectClay contenten_US
dc.titleThe Impact of moisture and clay content on the unconfined compressive strength of lime treated highly reactive claysen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2022-07-20
dc.date.application2022-09-06
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-022-02255-x
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
refterms.dateFOA2022-09-16T14:14:40Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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