Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.contributor.advisorPatel, Rajnikant
dc.contributor.advisorAl-Obaidi, Mudhar A.A.R.
dc.contributor.authorAlsarayreh, Alanood A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-03T11:10:56Z
dc.date.available2022-08-03T11:10:56Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/19088
dc.description.abstractThe Reverse Osmosis (RO) process has been considered to be one of the most widely utilised techniques for brackish water desalination for its capabilities to produce high-quality water. The RO process characterised by its low energy consumption compared to thermal distillation processes, leading to reduced overall water production cost. To systematically understand the transport phenomena of solvent and solutes via the membrane texture, several mathematical models were developed. This interestingly aids to conduct a huge amount of simulation and optimisation studies to judge the influence of control variables on the performance indexes and to adjust the key variables at optimum values to realise optimum production indexes. In this research, a specific accurate model for a single spiral wound RO process has been successfully developed and used to build accurate models for the multistage brackish water RO desalination process of two different designs. The robustness of the model developed was confirmed via validation against the experimental data collected from simple design of RO system and complicated design of RO system of Arab Potash Company (APC). This is followed by a thorough simulation of the RO process to explore the influence of operating conditions on the process performance indicators. Recently, several contributions were made in this thesis that specifically comprises the improvement of the original design of brackish water RO desalination process. The influence of a retentate recycle design is investigated on the process performance. Moreover, evaluation and minimisation of specific energy consumption (expressed in kWh/m3 of freshwater production) is carried out on the simple and complicated designs of RO process by implementing an energy recovery device. Also, the most suitable brand of membranes was explored for the RO system from a set of different brands of membrane to attain the highest-performance rejection at lowest energy consumption compared to the original membrane. Furthermore, a single optimisation framework was developed to mitigate the specific energy consumption of simple and complicated designs of brackish water RO desalination process. Finally, a thermodynamic limitations and exergy analysis of the complicated design of RO system are outlined via a thoroughly study to investigate the locations of high exergy destruction. These contributions were verified as they promoted the separation performance at a significant energy saving.en
dc.description.sponsorshipMutah University, Jordanen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.eng
dc.subjectBrackish water desalinationen_US
dc.subjectMultistage reverse osmosisen_US
dc.subjectPermeate reprocessingen_US
dc.subjectRetentate reprocessingen_US
dc.subjectModellingen_US
dc.subjectSimulationen_US
dc.subjectOptimizationen_US
dc.subjectTotal energy consumptionen_US
dc.subjectMembrane typeen_US
dc.subjectThermodynamic analysisen_US
dc.titleModelling, Simulation, Optimisation and Thermodynamic Analysis of Multistage Reverse Osmosis Process based Brackish Water Desalinationen_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Engineering and Informaticsen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_US
dc.date.awarded2020


Item file(s)

Thumbnail
Name:
16014254 - A Alsarayreh_Final ...
Size:
4.336Mb
Format:
PDF
Description:
PhD Thesis

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record