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dc.contributor.authorFaouri, Y.S.
dc.contributor.authorAhmad, S.
dc.contributor.authorOjaroudi Parchin, Naser
dc.contributor.authorSee, C.H.
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-27T20:34:52Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-13T15:28:54Z
dc.date.available2022-03-27T20:34:52Z
dc.date.available2022-04-13T15:28:54Z
dc.date.issued2022-03
dc.identifier.citationFaouri YS, Ahmad S, Ojaroudi Parchin N et al (2022) A novel meander bowtie-shaped antenna with multi-resonant and rejection bands for modern 5G communications. Electronics. 11(5): 821.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18883
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractTo support various fifth generation (5G) wireless applications, a small, printed bowtie-shaped microstrip antenna with meandered arms is reported in this article. Because it spans the broad legal range, the developed antenna can serve or reject a variety of applications such as wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi), sub-6 GHz, and ultra-wideband (UWB) 5G communications due to its multiband characterization and optimized rejection bands. The antenna is built on an FR-4 substrate and powered via a 50-Ω microstrip feed line linked to the right bowtie’s side. The bowtie’s left side is coupled via a shorting pin to a partial ground at the antenna’s back side. A gradually increasing meandering microstrip line is connected to both sides of the bowtie to enhance the rejection and operating bands. The designed antenna has seven operating frequency bands of (2.43–3.03) GHz, (3.71–4.23) GHz, (4.76–5.38) GHz, (5.83–6.54) GHz, (6.85–7.44) GHz, (7.56–8.01) GHz, and (9.27–13.88) GHz. The simulated scattering parameter S11 reveals six rejection bands with percentage bandwidths of 33.87%, 15.73%, 11.71, 7.63%, 6.99%, and 12.22%, respectively. The maximum gain of the proposed antenna is 4.46 dB. The suggested antenna has been built, and the simulation and measurement results are very similar. The reported antenna is expanded to a four-element design to investigate its MIMO characteristics.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPartially funded by British Council “2019 UK-China-BRI Countries Partnership Initiative” program, with project titled “Adapting to Industry 4.0 oriented International Education and Research Collaboration.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11050821en_US
dc.rights© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectMulti-banden_US
dc.subjectUWBen_US
dc.subject5G communicationsen_US
dc.subjectSub-6 GHzen_US
dc.subjectNotchesen_US
dc.subjectBowtie-shapeden_US
dc.subjectMultibanden_US
dc.subjectMIMOen_US
dc.subjectTime-domain analysisen_US
dc.titleA novel meander bowtie-shaped antenna with multi-resonant and rejection bands for modern 5G communicationsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2022-03-04
dc.date.application2022-03-06
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
dc.date.updated2022-03-27T20:34:55Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-04-13T15:29:19Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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