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dc.contributor.authorLokk, Reinar
dc.contributor.authorAlsadaie, S.M.
dc.contributor.authorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-28T14:21:36Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-12T11:42:40Z
dc.date.available2022-03-28T14:21:36Z
dc.date.available2022-04-12T11:42:40Z
dc.date.issued2021-12
dc.identifier.citationLokk R, Alsadaie SM and Mujtaba IM (2021) Dynamic simulation of once-through multistage flash (MSF-OT) desalination process: Effect of seawater temperature on the fouling mechanism in the heat exchangers. Computers and Chemical Engineering. 155: 107515.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18872
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractScale formation of carbonates and sulphates is one of the most well-known types of crystallization fouling in heat exchangers. Tackling crystallization fouling in Once-Through Multistage Flash Desalination (MSF-OT) is one of the most challenging tasks in the desalination industry. In this paper, a fouling model is developed and then incorporated into a MSF model to investigate the fouling behaviour under variable seawater temperature. The proposed dynamic model investigates the crystallization of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide at the inside tube surface areas by considering the attachment and removal mechanisms. The results show that the fouling rate is higher at high constant seawater temperature. Overall, the fouling rate is lower at the seasonal variation of the seawater temperature, resulting in a higher performance ratio (PR). The results also show that although the brine heater duty increases in winter due to low seawater temperature, the drop of fouling rate in cold months may save some energy.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2021.107515en_US
dc.rights© 2021 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.en_US
dc.subjectCalcium carbonateen_US
dc.subjectDynamic modelen_US
dc.subjectEnergyen_US
dc.subjectFoulingen_US
dc.subjectFreshwater productionen_US
dc.subjectMagnesium hydroxideen_US
dc.subjectMSFen_US
dc.subjectPreheatingen_US
dc.subjectRemoval rateen_US
dc.subjectVariable seawater temperatureen_US
dc.titleDynamic simulation of once-through multistage flash (MSF-OT) desalination process: Effect of seawater temperature on the fouling mechanism in the heat exchangersen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2021-08-30
dc.date.application2021-09-02
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.rights.licenseCC-BY-NC-NDen_US
dc.date.updated2022-03-28T14:21:37Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-04-12T11:43:00Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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