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dc.contributor.authorKarem, S.
dc.contributor.authorAl-Obaidi, Mudhar A.A.R.
dc.contributor.authorAlsadaie, S.
dc.contributor.authorJohn, Yakubu M.
dc.contributor.authorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-28T14:01:54Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-30T11:09:44Z
dc.date.available2022-03-28T14:01:54Z
dc.date.available2022-03-30T11:09:44Z
dc.date.issued2022-02
dc.identifier.citationKarem S, Al-Obaidi MA, Alsadaie S, John YM and Mujtaba IM (2022) Significant energy saving in industrial natural draught furnace: A model-based investigation. Applied Thermal Engineering. 202: 117829.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18831
dc.descriptionyesen_US
dc.description.abstractIn all industrial petrochemical plants and refineries, the furnace is the source of heat resulting from fuel combustion with air. The model-based furnace simulation is considered one of the efficient methods help to reduce the energy loss and maintain fixed refinery revenues, conserving energy, and finally reducing external fuel consumption and total fuel cost. In this paper, a model-based simulation is carried out for a natural air draught industrial scale furnace related to Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) production plant in Libya to thoroughly investigate the most responsible factors in lowering the furnace butane exit temperature, which is supposed to be two degrees Fahrenheit higher than inlet temperature. Therefore, to resolve this industrial problem, Aspen Hysys V10, coupling with EDR (exchanger design and rating) is used to carry out rigorous model-based simulation. This is specifically used to assess the impact of heat loss from inside the firebox to the surrounding medium and heat loss from the furnace stack and walls, besides the effect of excess air on the furnace efficiency. Furthermore, this research intends to verify whether the operating conditions, such as furnace tubes inlet flow rate, temperature and pumping pressure, are conforming to the upstream process design specifications or need to be adjusted. The results confirm that increasing furnace outlet temperature two degrees Fahrenheit from off specification 190 °F instead of 184 °F is successfully achieved by decreasing upstream stream flowrate 25% below the operating value and cutback excess air gradually until 20%. Also, the results clarify the necessity of increasing the flue gas temperature by 7% over design condition, to gain a significant reduction of heat loss of 31.6% and reach as low as 35.5 MBtu/hr. This improvement is achieved using optimum operating conditions of an excess air of 20%, and flue gas oxygen content of 3.3% delivered to stack. Accordingly, the furnace efficiency has been increased by 18% to hit 58.9%. Furthermore, the heat loss from the furnace walls can be also reduced by 68% from 5.41 MBtu/hr to 1.7 MBtu/hr by increasing the refractory wall thickness to 6 in., which entails an increase in the furnace efficiency by 3.66% to reach 58.96%. Decreasing the heat loss fraction through the refractory wall, pip doors, expansion windows and refractory hair cracks would also increase the efficiency by 21% to reach a high of 59.7%. Accordingly, a significant reduction in daily fuel consumption is observed, which costs 1.7 M$ per year. The outcomes of this research clearly show the potential of reducing the operation and maintenance costs significantly.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights© 2021 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licenseen_US
dc.subjectOil refineryen_US
dc.subjectFired heateren_US
dc.subjectFurnaceen_US
dc.subjectPhase conversionen_US
dc.subjectASPEN HYSISen_US
dc.subjectEnergy savingen_US
dc.subjectFuel consumptionen_US
dc.subjectHeat lossen_US
dc.subjectEfficiencyen_US
dc.titleSignificant energy saving in industrial natural draught furnace: A model-based investigationen_US
dc.status.refereedyesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2021-11-18
dc.date.application2021-11-23
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.117829
dc.rights.licenseCC-BY-NC-NDen_US
dc.date.updated2022-03-28T14:02:07Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-03-30T11:10:22Z
dc.openaccess.statusembargoedAccessen_US


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