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dc.contributor.authorKhan, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorSharma, N.
dc.contributor.authorPu, Jaan H.
dc.contributor.authorAlam, S.
dc.contributor.authorKhan, W.A.
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-23T16:37:53Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-25T14:01:46Z
dc.date.available2022-03-23T16:37:53Z
dc.date.available2022-03-25T14:01:46Z
dc.date.issued2022-01
dc.identifier.citationKhan MA, Sharma N, Pu JH et al (2022) Analysis of turbulent flow structure with its fluvial processes around mid-channel bar. Sustainability. 14(1): 392.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18815
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractResearchers have recognized that the successive growth of mid-channel bar deposits can be entertained as the raison d’être for the initiation of the braiding process, which is closely interlinked with the growth, decay, and vertical distribution of fluvial turbulent kinetic energy (TKE). Thus, focused analysis on the underlying mechanics of turbulent flow structures in the proximity of a bar deposit occurring in the middle of the channel can afford crucial scientific clues for insight into the initiating fluvial processes that give rise to braiding. In the study reported herein, a physical model of a mid-channel bar is constructed in an experimental flume to analyze the turbulence parameters in a region close to the bar. Notably, the flow velocity plays an important role in understanding the flow behavior in the scour-hole location in the upstream flow divergence zone as well as near the downstream zone of flow convergence in a mid-channel bar. Therefore, the fluctuating components of turbulent flow velocity are herein discussed and analyzed for the regions located close to the bar. In the present study, the impact of the mid-channel bar, as well as its growth in turbulent flow, on higher-order velocity fluctuation moments are investigated. For near-bed locations, the results show the dominance of ejection events in upstream zones and the dominance of sweep events at locations downstream of the mid-channel bar. In scour-hole sections, the negative value of the stream-wise flux of turbulent kinetic energy and the positive value of the vertical flux of turbulent kinetic energy indicate energy transport in downward and forward directions, respectively. The downward and forward energy transport processes lead to scouring at these locations. The maximum turbulent production rate occurs in the wake region of the bar. The high rate of turbulence production has occurred in that region, which can be ascribed to the process of shedding turbulent vortices. The results show that the impact of the presence of the bar is mainly restricted to the lower layers of flow. The turbulent dissipation rate monotonically decreases with an increase in the vertical distance from the bed. The turbulent production rate first increases and then decreases with successive increases in the vertical distance from the bed. The paper concludes with suggestions for the future potential use of the present research for the practical purpose of examining braid bar occurrences in alluvial rivers to develop an appropriate response through training measuresen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights(c) 2022 The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectTurbulent kinetic energyen_US
dc.subjectMid-channel baren_US
dc.subjectAcoustic Doppler velocimetryen_US
dc.subjectHigher momentsen_US
dc.subjectTurbulent production rateen_US
dc.subjectsubmergence ratioen_US
dc.titleAnalysis of turbulent flow structure with its fluvial processes around mid-channel baren_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2021-12-24
dc.date.application2021-12-30
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/su14010392
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
dc.date.updated2022-03-23T16:37:57Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-03-30T07:02:48Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


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