Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGoel, R.
dc.contributor.authorMehmood, Irfan
dc.contributor.authorUgail, Hassan
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-20T06:11:27Z
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-24T12:27:26Z
dc.date.available2022-03-20T06:11:27Z
dc.date.available2022-03-24T12:27:26Z
dc.date.issued2021-07
dc.identifier.citationGoel R, Mehmood I and Ugail H (2021) A study of deep learning-based face recognition models for sibling identification. Sensors. 21(15): 5068.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18807
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractAccurate identification of siblings through face recognition is a challenging task. This is predominantly because of the high degree of similarities among the faces of siblings. In this study, we investigate the use of state-of-the-art deep learning face recognition models to evaluate their capacity for discrimination between sibling faces using various similarity indices. The specific models examined for this purpose are FaceNet, VGGFace, VGG16, and VGG19. For each pair of images provided, the embeddings have been calculated using the chosen deep learning model. Five standard similarity measures, namely, cosine similarity, Euclidean distance, structured similarity, Manhattan distance, and Minkowski distance, are used to classify images looking for their identity on the threshold defined for each of the similarity measures. The accuracy, precision, and misclassification rate of each model are calculated using standard confusion matrices. Four different experimental datasets for full-frontal-face, eyes, nose, and forehead of sibling pairs are constructed using publicly available HQf subset of the SiblingDB database. The experimental results show that the accuracy of the chosen deep learning models to distinguish siblings based on the full-frontal-face and cropped face areas vary based on the face area compared. It is observed that VGGFace is best while comparing the full-frontal-face and eyes—the accuracy of classification being with more than 95% in this case. However, its accuracy degrades significantly when the noses are compared, while FaceNet provides the best result for classification based on the nose. Similarly, VGG16 and VGG19 are not the best models for classification using the eyes, but these models provide favorable results when foreheads are compared.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.3390/s21155068en_US
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectFace recognitionen_US
dc.subjectSibling recognitionen_US
dc.subjectFaceNeten_US
dc.subjectVGGFaceen_US
dc.subjectVGG16en_US
dc.subjectVGG19en_US
dc.titleA study of deep learning-based face recognition models for sibling identificationen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2021-07-22
dc.date.application2021-07-27
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.rights.licenseCC-BYen_US
dc.date.updated2022-03-20T06:11:29Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-03-24T12:27:51Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccessen_US


Item file(s)

Thumbnail
Name:
sensors-21-05068.pdf
Size:
4.671Mb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Ugail_et_al_Sensors

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record