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dc.contributor.authorHemmings, K.E.
dc.contributor.authorRiches-Suman, Kirsten
dc.contributor.authorBailey, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorO'Regan, D.J.
dc.contributor.authorTurner, N.A.
dc.contributor.authorPorter, K.E.
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-05T14:47:24Z
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-19T14:16:51Z
dc.date.available2021-05-05T14:47:24Z
dc.date.available2021-05-19T14:16:51Z
dc.date.issued2021-04-16
dc.identifier.citationHemmings KE, Riches-Suman K, Bailey MA et al (2021) Role of microRNA-145 in DNA damage signalling and senescence in vascular smooth muscle cells of Type 2 diabetic patients. Cells. 10(4): 919.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18477
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractIncreased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a significant clinical problem. Despite advancements in achieving good glycaemic control, this patient population remains susceptible to macrovascular complications. We previously discovered that vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) cultured from T2DM patients exhibit persistent phenotypic aberrancies distinct from those of individuals without a diagnosis of T2DM. Notably, persistently elevated expression levels of microRNA-145 co-exist with characteristics consistent with aging, DNA damage and senescence. We hypothesised that increased expression of microRNA-145 plays a functional role in DNA damage signalling and subsequent cellular senescence specifically in SMC cultured from the vasculature of T2DM patients. In this study, markers of DNA damage and senescence were unambiguously and permanently elevated in native T2DM versus non-diabetic (ND)-SMC. Exposure of ND cells to the DNA-damaging agent etoposide inflicted a senescent phenotype, increased expression of apical kinases of the DNA damage pathway and elevated expression levels of microRNA-145. Overexpression of microRNA-145 in ND-SMC revealed evidence of functional links between them; notably increased secretion of senescence-associated cytokines and chronic activation of stress-activated intracellular signalling pathways, particularly the mitogen-activated protein kinase, p38a. Exposure to conditioned media from microRNA-145 overexpressing cells resulted in chronic p38a signalling in naïve cells, evidencing a paracrine induction and reinforcement of cell senescence. We conclude that targeting of microRNA-145 may provide a route to novel interventions to eliminate DNA-damaged and senescent cells in the vasculature and to this end further detailed studies are warranted.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.3390/cells10040919en_US
dc.rights(c) 2021 The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectType 2 diabetesen_US
dc.subjectSaphenous veinen_US
dc.subjectSmooth muscle cellsen_US
dc.subjectDNA damageen_US
dc.subjectSenescenceen_US
dc.subjectMicroRNAen_US
dc.subjectMicroRNA-145en_US
dc.titleRole of microRNA-145 in DNA damage signalling and senescence in vascular smooth muscle cells of Type 2 diabetic patientsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2021-04-13
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.date.updated2021-05-05T13:47:33Z
refterms.dateFOA2021-05-19T14:17:12Z
dc.openaccess.statusGolden_US


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