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dc.contributor.authorRahmanian, Nejat
dc.contributor.authorHalmi, M.H.
dc.contributor.authorChoy, D.
dc.contributor.authorPatel, R.
dc.contributor.authorYusup, S.
dc.contributor.authorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-12T17:15:12Z
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-22T08:37:41Z
dc.date.available2021-03-12T17:15:12Z
dc.date.available2021-03-22T08:37:41Z
dc.date.issued2016-08-20
dc.identifier.citationRahmanian N, Halmi MH, Kong CC et al (2016) An experimental investigation on seeded granulation of detergent powders. Chemical Engineering Transactions. 52: 1297-1302.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18401
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractGranulation is commonly used as an enlargement process of particles produce granules with desirable characteristics and functionality. Granulation process transforms fine powders into free-flowing, dust-free granules with the presence of liquid binder at certain operating conditions. The main focus of this research is on seeded granulation of detergent powders, a new phenomenon of granulation in which a layer of fine powders surround the coarse particle. This is already proven for calcium carbonate (Rahmanian et al., 2011). Here, detergent granules were produced in a 5 L high shear Cyclomix granulator using different fine/coarse powder ratio (1/3, 1, 3) and different binder ratio of 10 %, 20 % and 30 %. The granules were then characterized for their particle size distribution, strength and structure. It was found that a high percentage (70 wt. %) of granules in the desired size range between 125 - 1,000 µm were produced using the powder ratio of 1/3 and a binder content of 10 %. Low mean crushing strength (3.0 N) with a narrow distribution was obtained using this condition. Structure characterization of the detergent granules produced in the granulator shows that consistent seeded granule structures are produced under the optimum process and formulation conditions of 1/3 powder ratio with 10 % binder.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.3303/CET1652217en_US
dc.rights(c) 2016 AIDIC Servizi S.r.l. Full-text reproduced with publisher permission.en_US
dc.subjectDetergent powdersen_US
dc.subjectSeeded granulationen_US
dc.titleAn experimental investigation on seeded granulation of detergent powdersen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.date.updated2021-03-12T17:15:13Z
refterms.dateFOA2021-03-22T08:39:17Z
dc.openaccess.statusGolden_US


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