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dc.date.accessioned2021-02-18T08:55:41Z
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-24T15:10:16Z
dc.date.available2021-02-18T08:55:41Z
dc.date.available2021-02-24T15:10:16Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.citationLacerda A.L.d.F, Proietti MC, Secchi ER et al (2020) Diverse groups of fungi are associated with plastics in the surface waters of the Western South Atlantic and the Antarctic Peninsula. Molecular Ecology. 29(10): 1903-1918.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18368
dc.descriptionYes
dc.description.abstractMarine plastic pollution has a range of negative impacts for biota and the colonization of plastics in the marine environment by microorganisms may have significant ecological impacts. However, data on epiplastic organisms, particularly fungi, is still lacking for many ocean regions. To evaluate plastic associated fungi and their geographic distribution, we characterised plastics sampled from surface waters of the western South Atlantic (WSA) and Antarctic Peninsula (AP), using DNA metabarcoding of three molecular markers (ITS2, 18S rRNA V4 and V9 regions). Numerous taxa from eight fungal phyla and a total of 64 orders were detected, including groups that had not yet been described associated with plastics. There was a varied phylogenetic assemblage of predominantly known saprotrophic taxa within the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. We found a range of marine cosmopolitan genera present on plastics in both locations, i.e., Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Wallemia and a number of taxa unique to each region, as well as a high variation of taxa such as Chytridiomycota and Aphelidomycota between locations. Within these basal fungal groups we identified a number of phylogenetically novel taxa. This is the first description of fungi from the Plastisphere within the Southern Hemisphere, and highlights the need to further investigate the potential impacts of plastic associated fungi on other organisms and marine ecosystems.
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico. Grant Numbers: 407889/2013‐2, PQ 310597/2018‐8, PQ 312470/2018‐5, SWE 206250/2017‐7. Programa de Excelênca Acadêmica – PROEX. University of Salford Career Development Fellowship. Chevron Brasil Upstrem Frade Ltda. Brazilian Interministerial Commission for the Resources of the Sea (CIRM).
dc.language.isoen
dc.rights© 2020 The Authors. Molecular Ecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.subjectAntarctica
dc.subjectDNA metabarcoding
dc.subjectFungi
dc.subjectMarine
dc.subjectPlastics
dc.subjectPlastisphere
dc.titleDiverse groups of fungi are associated with plastics in the surface waters of the Western South Atlantic and the Antarctic Peninsula
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.date.Accepted2020-04-02
dc.date.application2020-04-08
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionPublished version
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15444
dc.rights.licenseCC-BY
dc.date.updated2021-02-18T08:55:48Z
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-24T15:11:33Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccess


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