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dc.contributor.authorFielden, J.
dc.contributor.authorWiseman, K.
dc.contributor.authorTorrecilla, I.
dc.contributor.authorLi, S.
dc.contributor.authorHume, S.
dc.contributor.authorChiang, S.
dc.contributor.authorRuggiano, A.
dc.contributor.authorSingh, A.N.
dc.contributor.authorFreire, R.
dc.contributor.authorHassanieh, S.
dc.contributor.authorDomingo, E.
dc.contributor.authorVendrell, I.
dc.contributor.authorFischer, R.
dc.contributor.authorKessler, B.M.
dc.contributor.authorMaughan, T.S.
dc.contributor.authorEl-Khamisy, Sherif F.
dc.contributor.authorRamadan, K.
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-25T15:30:55Z
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-28T10:26:39Z
dc.date.available2020-08-25T15:30:55Z
dc.date.available2020-09-28T10:26:39Z
dc.date.issued2020-03
dc.identifier.citationFielden J, Wiseman K, Torrecilla I et al (2020) TEX264 coordinates p97- and SPRTN-mediated resolution of topoisomerase 1-DNA adducts. Nature Communications. 11(1): 1274.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18039
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractEukaryotic topoisomerase 1 (TOP1) regulates DNA topology to ensure efficient DNA replication and transcription. TOP1 is also a major driver of endogenous genome instability, particularly when its catalytic intermediate-a covalent TOP1-DNA adduct known as a TOP1 cleavage complex (TOP1cc)-is stabilised. TOP1ccs are highly cytotoxic and a failure to resolve them underlies the pathology of neurological disorders but is also exploited in cancer therapy where TOP1ccs are the target of widely used frontline anti-cancer drugs. A critical enzyme for TOP1cc resolution is the tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (TDP1), which hydrolyses the bond that links a tyrosine in the active site of TOP1 to a 3' phosphate group on a single-stranded (ss)DNA break. However, TDP1 can only process small peptide fragments from ssDNA ends, raising the question of how the ~90 kDa TOP1 protein is processed upstream of TDP1. Here we find that TEX264 fulfils this role by forming a complex with the p97 ATPase and the SPRTN metalloprotease. We show that TEX264 recognises both unmodified and SUMO1-modifed TOP1 and initiates TOP1cc repair by recruiting p97 and SPRTN. TEX264 localises to the nuclear periphery, associates with DNA replication forks, and counteracts TOP1ccs during DNA replication. Altogether, our study elucidates the existence of a specialised repair complex required for upstream proteolysis of TOP1ccs and their subsequent resolution.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSupported by the Medical Research Council programme grant (MC_EX_MR/K022830/1) to K.R. J.F. is supported by a CRUK DPhil studentship. K.W. was supported by an MRC studentship and A.R. is supported by a European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) long-term fellowship (ALTF 1109-2017). E.D. is supported by the S:CORT consortium which is funded by a grant from the MRC and CRUK. S.F.E. is funded by a Wellcome Trust Investigator award (103844) and a Lister Institute Fellowship.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15000-wen_US
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/.en_US
dc.subjectDNAen_US
dc.subjectProteolysisen_US
dc.titleTEX264 coordinates p97- and SPRTN-mediated resolution of topoisomerase 1-DNA adductsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2020-02-16
dc.date.application2020-03-09
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.date.updated2020-08-25T14:30:58Z
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-28T10:27:26Z


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