Show simple item record

dc.date.accessioned2020-08-20T10:45:24Z
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-11T10:38:59Z
dc.date.available2020-08-20T10:45:24Z
dc.date.available2020-09-11T10:38:59Z
dc.date.issued2020-06
dc.identifier.citationGaffney V, Baldwin E, Bates M et al (2020) A massive, Late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls Henge. Internet Archaeology. 55.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/18007
dc.descriptionYes
dc.description.abstractA series of massive geophysical anomalies, located south of the Durrington Walls henge monument, were identified during fluxgate gradiometer survey undertaken by the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project (SHLP). Initially interpreted as dewponds, these data have been re-evaluated, along with information on similar features revealed by archaeological contractors undertaking survey and excavation to the north of the Durrington Walls henge. Analysis of the available data identified a total of 20 comparable features, which align within a series of arcs adjacent to Durrington Walls. Further geophysical survey, supported by mechanical coring, was undertaken on several geophysical anomalies to assess their nature, and to provide dating and environmental evidence. The results of fieldwork demonstrate that some of these features, at least, were massive, circular pits with a surface diameter of 20m or more and a depth of at least 5m. Struck flint and bone were recovered from primary silts and radiocarbon dating indicates a Late Neolithic date for the lower silts of one pit. The degree of similarity across the 20 features identified suggests that they could have formed part of a circuit of large pits around Durrington Walls, and this may also have incorporated the recently discovered Larkhill causewayed enclosure. The diameter of the circuit of pits exceeds 2km and there is some evidence that an intermittent, inner post alignment may have existed within the circuit of pits. One pit may provide evidence for a recut; suggesting that some of these features could have been maintained through to the Middle Bronze Age. Together, these features represent a unique group of features related to the henge at Durrington Walls, executed at a scale not previously recorded.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe University of Bradford Research Development Fund and the University of St Andrews funded this open access publication.
dc.language.isoen
dc.rights© 2020 The Authors. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. Internet Archaeology is an open access journal. Except where otherwise noted, content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY) Unported licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that attribution to the author(s), the title of the work, the Internet Archaeology journal and the relevant URL/DOI are given.
dc.subjectDurrington Walls
dc.subjectStonehenge
dc.subjectGeophysics
dc.subjectLate Neolithic
dc.subjectMiddle Bronze Age
dc.subjectLandscape archaeology
dc.titleA massive, Late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls Henge
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.date.Accepted2020-06-01
dc.date.application2020-06-21
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionPublished version
dc.description.publicnotesSupplementary data can be found at https://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue55/4/supp-text.html
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.11141/ia.55.4
dc.rights.licenseCC-BY
dc.date.updated2020-08-20T09:45:29Z
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-11T10:39:51Z
dc.openaccess.statusopenAccess


Item file(s)

Thumbnail
Name:
DurringtonPitspublishedinia.55 ...
Size:
1.667Mb
Format:
PDF
Description:
Gaffney_et_al_Internet_Archaeology
Thumbnail
Name:
2020Durringtonsupplementarydat ...
Size:
4.452Mb
Format:
PDF
Description:
To keep suppressed

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record