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dc.contributor.authorReynard, L.M.
dc.contributor.authorBurt, N.
dc.contributor.authorKoon, Hannah E.C.
dc.contributor.authorTuross, N.
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-30T10:23:17Z
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-14T09:46:58Z
dc.date.available2020-01-30T10:23:17Z
dc.date.available2020-02-14T09:46:58Z
dc.date.issued2016-07
dc.identifier.citationReynard LM, Burt N, Koon HEC et al (2016) Limits and possibilities in the geolocation of humans using multiple isotope ratios (H, O, N, C) of hair from east coast cities of the USA. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies. 52(4-5): 498-512.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17631
dc.descriptionNo
dc.description.abstractWe examined multiple natural abundance isotope ratios of human hair to assess biological variability within and between geographic locations and, further, to determine how well these isotope values predict location of origin. Sampling locations feature differing seasonality and mobile populations as a robust test of the method. Serially-sampled hair from Cambridge, MA, USA, shows lower δ2 H and δ18 O variability over a one-year time course than model-predicted precipitation isotope ratios, but exhibits considerable differences between individuals. Along a ∼13° northsouth transect in the eastern USA (Brookline, MA, 42.3 ° N, College Park, MD, 39.0 ° N, and Gainesville, FL, 29.7 ° N) δ18 O in human hair shows relatively greater differences and tracks changes in drinking water isotope ratios more sensitively than δ2 H. Determining the domicile of humans using isotope ratios of hair can be confounded by differing variability in hair δ18 O and δ2 H between locations, differential incorporation of H and O into this protein and, in some cases, by tap water δ18 O and δ2 H that differ significantly from predicted precipitation values. With these caveats, randomly chosen people in Florida are separated from those in the two more northerly sites on the basis of the natural abundance isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially supported by the National Geospatial Agency under grant [HM1582-08-0024].
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectCarbon-13
dc.subjectDrinking water
dc.subjectGeolocation
dc.subjectHydrogen-2
dc.subjectHuman hair
dc.subjectIsotope fractionation
dc.subjectIsotope ratio
dc.subjectIsotopic variability
dc.subjectNitrogen-15
dc.subjectOxygen-18
dc.titleLimits and possibilities in the geolocation of humans using multiple isotope ratios (H, O, N, C) of hair from east coast cities of the USA
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.date.Accepted27/06/2015
dc.date.application26/02/2016
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionNo full-text in the repository
dc.description.publicnotesOriginally presented at the IAEA International Symposium on Isotope Hydrology: Revisiting Foundations and Exploring Frontiers, 11–15 May 2015, Vienna, Austria
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2016.1143821
dc.date.updated2020-01-30T10:23:18Z
refterms.dateFOA2020-02-14T09:48:02Z
dc.openaccess.statusclosedAccess


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