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dc.contributor.authorKerudin, A.
dc.contributor.authorMüller, R.
dc.contributor.authorBuckberry, Jo
dc.contributor.authorKnüsel, C.J.
dc.contributor.authorBrown, T.A.
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-28T14:24:01Z
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-29T12:24:15Z
dc.date.available2019-11-28T14:24:01Z
dc.date.available2019-11-29T12:24:15Z
dc.date.issued2019-12
dc.identifier.citationKerudin A, Müller R, Buckberry J et al (2019) Ancient Mycobacterium leprae genomes from the mediaeval sites of Chichester and Raunds in England. Journal of Archaeological Science. 112: 105035.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17521
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractWe examined six skeletons from mediaeval contexts from two sites in England for the presence of Mycobacterium leprae DNA, each of the skeletons displaying osteological indicators of leprosy. Polymerase chain reactions directed at the species-specific RLEP multicopy sequence produced positive results with three skeletons, these being among those with the clearest osteological signs of leprosy. Following in-solution hybridization capture, sufficient sequence reads were obtained to cover >70% of the M. leprae genomes from these three skeletons, with a mean read depth of 4–10×. Two skeletons from a mediaeval hospital in Chichester, UK, dating to the 14th–17th centuries AD, contained M. leprae strains of subtype 3I, which has previously been reported in mediaeval England. The third skeleton, from a churchyard cemetery at Raunds Furnells, UK, dating to the 10th to mid-12th centuries AD, carried subtype 3K, which has been recorded at 7th–13th century AD sites in Turkey, Hungary and Denmark, but not previously in Britain. We suggest that travellers to the Holy Land might have been responsible for the transmission of subtype 3K from southeast Europe to Britain.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunded by a studentship awarded by Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA) to A.K. and by the University of Bradford and the University of Manchester.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2019.105035en_US
dc.rights© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.en_US
dc.subjectAncient DNAen_US
dc.subjectLeprosyen_US
dc.subjectMediaeval Englanden_US
dc.subjectMycobacterium lepraeen_US
dc.subjectPalaeopathologyen_US
dc.titleAncient Mycobacterium leprae genomes from the mediaeval sites of Chichester and Raunds in Englanden_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2019-10-19
dc.date.application2019-11-01
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.date.EndofEmbargo2020-11-02
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.description.publicnotesThe full-text of this article will be released for public view at the end of the publisher embargo on 02 Nov 2020.en_US
dc.date.updated2019-11-28T14:24:06Z
refterms.dateFOA2019-11-29T12:24:40Z


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