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dc.date.accessioned2019-11-07T18:50:22Z
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-27T09:45:53Z
dc.date.available2019-11-07T18:50:22Z
dc.date.available2019-11-27T09:45:53Z
dc.date.issued2017-07
dc.identifier.citationCastells Navarro L, Southwell-Wright W, Manchester K et al (2017) Interpretation of a probable case of Poliomyelitis in the Romano-British social context. Archaeological Review from Cambridge. 32(1).
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17511
dc.descriptionNo
dc.description.abstractThis paper provides the results of re-evaluation of a young adult individual from the Romano-British cemetery of 76 Kingsholm, Gloucester with club foot defomity by (Roberts et al 2004). Our reanalysis revealed an extensive bilateral asymmetry involving the lower and upper limb, spine and cranium and a right scoliosis, indicating more than the lower limb was affected. Consideration of the position and shape of the articulated club foot indicated a positional rather than a developmental condition, probably due to unilateral paralysis. Differential diagnosis considered congenital and acquired neuromuscular conditions; we argue that poliomyelitis is the most likely cause. Poliomyelitis is secondary to the infection with poliovirus that can affect the motor neurons from the spinal cord, causing a flaccid paralysis without sensory affection. Because the virus affects individual nerves, the paralysis is muscle-specific causing muscle imbalances and poor posture which can result in deformities and muscle disuse atrophy. Shortening of the leg is the most characteristic sign, however other typical deformations are in the lower limbs are external rotation of the knee, knee hyperestension, ankle and foot deformities (all observed in K131). The evaluation of K131’s entheses and bone structure suggests that, in life, this individual showed physical deformities consisting of a possibly visible atrophy of the left arm and leg, asymmetric gait, clubfoot and slight scoliosis which would have affected not only his appearance but also his ability to move and perform certain tasks. K131’s burial treatment is entirely normative for the period and the wider cemetery context. This could suggest that despite their impairment, this individual was not necessarily marginalised within their social context. However, historical sources account for extensive marginalisation and cruel treatment of the disabled and deformed in this period. So, whilst K131 was buried in a normative manner, it is difficult to reach definitive conclusions regarding how this individual was treated by their contemporaries.
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectKingsholm
dc.subjectGloucester
dc.subjectBilateral asymmetry
dc.subjectDisuse atrophy
dc.subjectPoliomyelitis
dc.subjectCerebral palsy
dc.subjectUnilateral clubfoot
dc.subjectRomano-British normative burial
dc.titleInterpretation of a probable case of poliomyelitis in the Romano-British social context
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.date.Accepted2017
dc.date.application2017-07
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionNo full-text in the repository
dc.date.updated2019-11-07T18:50:26Z
refterms.dateFOA2019-11-27T09:46:21Z
dc.relation.urlhttps://arc.soc.srcf.net/issues/issue32-1.html
dc.openaccess.statusclosedAccess


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