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dc.contributor.authorGuðmundsdóttir, Margaret D.
dc.contributor.authorLesk, Valerie E.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-17T05:50:12Z
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-02T12:08:29Z
dc.date.available2019-09-17T05:50:12Z
dc.date.available2019-10-02T12:08:29Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationGuðmundsdóttir MD and Lesk VE (2019) Does the bilingual advantage extend to trilingualism?. International Journal of Multilingualism. 16(4): 549-562.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17279
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis study examined whether the proposed bilingual advantage in inhibitory control and working memory can be extended to a trilingual advantage, and assessed any age-related effects on a continuum in young adults to older adults. Trilinguals, bilinguals and monolinguals’ performance on the Simon task and a numerical version of the N-back task was compared. On the Simon task, there was no language group difference observed, although the data show an age-related decline in inhibitory control only in trilinguals, but not in bilinguals or monolinguals. No clear language group differences were observed between trilinguals and bilinguals on the N-back task, however an overall trilingual and bilingual disadvantage, compared to monolinguals, was observed. Together the results suggest that managing two or three languages, compared to just one, may have a negative impact on inhibitory control and working memory performance. Importantly, they highlight the need to control for a possible confounding effect of including trilinguals/multilinguals in bilingual cohorts and to ensure that participants in monolingual cohorts speak only one language.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor and Francis
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2019.1617717en_US
dc.rights© 2019 Taylor & Francis. The Version of Record of this manuscript has been published and is available in International Journal of Multilingualism from 23 May 2019 at https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2019.1617717.en_US
dc.subjectAgeingen_US
dc.subjectBilingual advantageen_US
dc.subjectInhibitory controlen_US
dc.subjectTrilingualismen_US
dc.subjectWorking memoryen_US
dc.titleDoes the bilingual advantage extend to trilingualism?en_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2019-05-07
dc.date.application2019-05-23
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.date.updated2019-09-17T04:50:20Z
refterms.dateFOA2019-10-02T12:13:05Z


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