Does the bilingual advantage extend to trilingualism?
|dc.contributor.author||Guðmundsdóttir, Margaret D.|
|dc.contributor.author||Lesk, Valerie E.|
|dc.identifier.citation||Guðmundsdóttir MD and Lesk VE (2019) Does the bilingual advantage extend to trilingualism?. International Journal of Multilingualism. 16(4): 549-562.||en_US|
|dc.description.abstract||This study examined whether the proposed bilingual advantage in inhibitory control and working memory can be extended to a trilingual advantage, and assessed any age-related effects on a continuum in young adults to older adults. Trilinguals, bilinguals and monolinguals’ performance on the Simon task and a numerical version of the N-back task was compared. On the Simon task, there was no language group difference observed, although the data show an age-related decline in inhibitory control only in trilinguals, but not in bilinguals or monolinguals. No clear language group differences were observed between trilinguals and bilinguals on the N-back task, however an overall trilingual and bilingual disadvantage, compared to monolinguals, was observed. Together the results suggest that managing two or three languages, compared to just one, may have a negative impact on inhibitory control and working memory performance. Importantly, they highlight the need to control for a possible confounding effect of including trilinguals/multilinguals in bilingual cohorts and to ensure that participants in monolingual cohorts speak only one language.||en_US|
|dc.publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|dc.rights||© 2019 Taylor & Francis. The Version of Record of this manuscript has been published and is available in International Journal of Multilingualism from 23 May 2019 at https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2019.1617717.||en_US|
|dc.title||Does the bilingual advantage extend to trilingualism?||en_US|