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dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, K.
dc.contributor.authorRowsell, K.
dc.contributor.authorGates St-Pierre, C.
dc.contributor.authorTedder, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorFoody, G.
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, C.
dc.contributor.authorSpeller, C.
dc.contributor.authorCollins, M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-13T09:38:44Z
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-26T15:15:09Z
dc.date.available2019-09-13T09:38:44Z
dc.date.available2019-09-26T15:15:09Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-30
dc.identifier.citationMcGrath K, Rowsell K, Gates St-Pierre C et al (2019) Identifying Archaeological Bone via Non-Destructive ZooMS and the Materiality of Symbolic Expression: Examples from Iroquoian Bone Points. Scientific Reports. 9(1): 11027.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17265
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractToday, practical, functional and symbolic choices inform the selection of raw materials for worked objects. In cases where we can discern the origin of worked bone, tooth, ivory and antler objects in the past, we assume that similar choices are being made. However, morphological species identification of worked objects is often impossible due to the loss of identifying characteristics during manufacture. Here, we describe a novel non-destructive ZooMS (Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry) method which was applied to bone points from Pre-Contact St. Lawrence Iroquoian village sites in southern Quebec, Canada. The traditional ZooMS technique requires destructive analysis of a sample, which can be problematic when dealing with artefacts. Here we instead extracted proteins from the plastic bags in which the points had been stored. ZooMS analysis revealed hitherto unexpected species, notably black bear (Ursus americanus) and human (Homo sapiens sapiens), used in point manufacture. These surprising results (confirmed through genomic sequencing) highlight the importance of advancing biomolecular research in artefact studies. Furthermore, they unexpectedly and exceptionally allow us to identify and explore the tangible, material traces of the symbolic relationship between bears and humans, central to past and present Iroquoian cosmology and mythology.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWellcome Trust (grant number 104911/Z/14/); the Leverhulme Trust through a Philip Leverhulme Prize (grant number DNRF128); and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) through an Insight Development Grant (430-2014-00558)en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47299-xen_US
dc.rights(c) 2019 The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectHaplotypesen_US
dc.subjectProteomicsen_US
dc.titleIdentifying Archaeological Bone via Non-Destructive ZooMS and the Materiality of Symbolic Expression: Examples from Iroquoian Bone Pointsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2019-06-26
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.date.updated2019-09-13T08:38:49Z
refterms.dateFOA2019-09-26T15:16:16Z


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