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dc.contributor.advisorBuckley, John G.
dc.contributor.advisorBeggs, Clive B.
dc.contributor.authorStruckovs, Vasilijs
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-20T15:21:18Z
dc.date.available2019-08-20T15:21:18Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17214
dc.description.abstractRamp descent is a demanding task for trans-tibial amputees, due to the difficulty in controlling body weight progression over the prosthetic foot. A deeper understanding of the impact of foot function on ramp descent biomechanics is required to make recommendations for rehabilitation programs and prosthetic developments for lower-limb amputees. The thesis aim was to determine the biomechanical adaptations made by active unilateral trans-tibial amputees (TT) using a microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prosthesis in active (MC-AF) compared to non-active mode (nonMC-AF) or elastically articulated ankle-foot device. A secondary aim was to determine the biomechanical adaptation made by able-bodied individuals when ankle motion was restricted using a custom made ankle-foot-orthosis and provide further insight into the importance of ankle dynamics when walking on ramps. Kinetic and kinematic data were recorded from nine TT’s and twenty able-bodied individuals. Able-bodied participants, ankle restriction, led to an increase in involved limb loading response knee flexion that is accompanied by the increased knee power generation during the single-limb-support phase that correlates to TTs results. TT’s use of an MC-AF reduced the ‘plantar-flexion’ resistance following foot contact allowing foot-flat to be attained more quickly. Followed by the increased ‘dorsi-flexion’ resistance which reduced the shank/pylon rotation velocity over the support foot, leading to an increase in negative work done by the prosthesis. These findings highlight the importance of having controlled ankle motion in ramp descent. Use of an MC-AF can provide TTs controlled motion for descending ramps and hence provide biomechanical benefits over using more conventional types of ankle-foot devices.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEngineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC) via Doctoral Training Account (DTA) (EP/P504821/1) Chas. A. Blatchford and Sons Ltd., Basingstoke, UK provided the prosthetic hardware, prosthetist support, and facilitated the attendance of the TT participants for this studyen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rights<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.eng
dc.subjectBiomechanicsen_US
dc.subjectGaiten_US
dc.subjectAmputeeen_US
dc.subjectRamp descenten_US
dc.subjectAnkle bracingen_US
dc.subjectMicroprocessor-controlleden_US
dc.subjectAnkle-foot prosthesisen_US
dc.titleBiomechanical adaptations involved in ramp descent: Impact of microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prothesis. Kinetic and kinematic responses to using microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prosthesis in unilateral trans-tibial amputees during ramp descenten_US
dc.type.qualificationleveldoctoralen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Bradfordeng
dc.publisher.departmentDivision of Medical Engineering, School of Engineering and Informaticsen_US
dc.typeThesiseng
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen_US
dc.date.awarded2017
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-20T15:21:18Z


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