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dc.contributor.authorUllah, S.
dc.contributor.authorAhmad, S.
dc.contributor.authorAkbar, Saeed
dc.contributor.authorKodwani, D.
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-12T10:55:03Z
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-18T16:11:25Z
dc.date.available2019-06-12T10:55:03Z
dc.date.available2019-06-18T16:11:25Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationUllah S, Ahmad S, Akbar S et al (2018) International Evidence on the Determinants of Organizational Ethical Vulnerability. British Journal of Management. 30: 668-691.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17129
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper proposes a model to explain what makes organisations ethically vulnerable. Drawing upon legitimacy, institutional, agency and individual moral reasoning theories we consider three sets of explanatory factors and examine their association with organisational ethical vulnerability. The three sets comprise external institutional context, internal corporate governance mechanisms and organisational ethical infrastructure. We combine these three sets of factors and develop an analytical framework for classifying ethical issues and propose a new model of organisational ethical vulnerability. We test our model on a sample of 253 firms that were involved in ethical misconduct and compare them with a matched sample of the same number of firms from 28 different countries. The results suggest that weak regulatory environment and internal corporate governance combined with profitability warnings or losses in the preceding year increase organisational ethical vulnerability. We find counterintuitive evidence suggesting that firms’ involvement in bribery and corruption prevention training programmes is positively associated with the likelihood of ethical vulnerability. By synthesising insights about individual and corporate behaviour from multiple theories, this study extends existing analytical literature on business ethics. Our findings have implications for firms’ external regulatory settings, corporate governance mechanisms and organisational ethical infrastructure.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12289en_US
dc.subjectOrganisational ethical vulnerabilityen_US
dc.subjectCorporate governanceen_US
dc.subjectBusiness ethicsen_US
dc.subjectMediaen_US
dc.subjectComplianceen_US
dc.subjectCorporate ethics training programmesen_US
dc.titleInternational Evidence on the Determinants of Organizational Ethical Vulnerabilityen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2018-01-15
dc.date.application2018-02-28
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.date.EndofEmbargo2020-02-29
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
dc.description.publicnotesThe full-text of this article will be released for public view at the end of the publisher embargo on 29th Feb 2020.
dc.date.updated2019-06-12T09:55:04Z
refterms.dateFOA2019-06-18T16:12:12Z


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