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dc.contributor.authorAlibakhshikenari, M.*
dc.contributor.authorVirdee, B.S.*
dc.contributor.authorSee, C.H.*
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.*
dc.contributor.authorFalcone, F.*
dc.contributor.authorLimiti, E.*
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-31T14:20:58Z
dc.date.available2019-05-31T14:20:58Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-19
dc.identifier.citationAlibakhshikenari M, Virdee BS, See CH et al (2019) Super-Wide Impedance Bandwidth Planar Antenna for Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Applications. Sensors. 19(10): 2306.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/17098
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractA feasibility study of a novel configuration for a super-wide impedance planar antenna is presented based on a 2 × 2 microstrip patch antenna (MPA) using CST Microwave Studio. The antenna comprises a symmetrical arrangement of four-square patches that are interconnected to each other with cross-shaped high impedance microstrip lines. The antenna array is excited through a single feedline connected to one of the patches. The proposed antenna array configuration overcomes the main drawback of conventional MPA with a narrow bandwidth that is typically <5%. The antenna exhibits a super-wide frequency bandwidth from 20 GHz to 120 GHz for S11 < −15 dB, which corresponds to a fractional bandwidth of 142.85%. The antenna’s performance of bandwidth, impedance match, and radiation gain were enhanced by etching slots on the patches. With the inclusion of the slot, the maximum radiation gain and efficiency of the MPA increased to 15.11 dBi and 85.79% at 80 GHz, which showed an improvement of 2.58 dBi and 12.54%, respectively. The dimension of each patch antenna was 4.3 × 5.3 mm2 . The results showed that the proposed MPA is useful for various existing and emerging communication systems such as ultra-wideband (UWB) communications, RFID systems, massive multiple-output multiple-input (MIMO) for 5G, and radar systems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially supported by the Innovation Program under grant agreement H2020-MSCA-ITN-2016 SECRET-722424 and financial support from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant EP/E022936/1.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.3390/s19102306en_US
dc.rights© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectArray antennaen_US
dc.subjectMicrostrip patch antennaen_US
dc.subjectMPAen_US
dc.subjectSlot antennaen_US
dc.subjectSimplified composite right/left-handed metamaterialen_US
dc.subjectSCRLH MTMen_US
dc.subjectMultiple-output multiple-inputen_US
dc.subjectMIMOen_US
dc.subjectRadaren_US
dc.subjectRadio frequency identification systemsen_US
dc.subjectRFIDen_US
dc.subjectMillimeter-wave banden_US
dc.titleSuper-Wide Impedance Bandwidth Planar Antenna for Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Applicationsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2019-05-17
dc.date.application2019-05-19
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-05-31T14:20:58Z


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