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dc.contributor.authorPapageorgiadis, Nikolaos*
dc.contributor.authorWang, Chengang*
dc.contributor.authorMagkonis, Georgios*
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-02T12:28:30Z
dc.date.available2019-04-02T12:28:30Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationPapageorgiadis N, Wang C and Magkonis G (2019) Factors contributing to the strength of national patent protection and enforcement after TRIPS. Transnational Corporations. 26(1): 87-107.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/16946
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractIn this paper we study the determinants of the strength of patent enforcement in 43 member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) between 1998 and 2011, a period after the signing of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement. We do so by building on and expanding the seminal work of Ginarte and Park (1997) on the pre-TRIPS determinants of patent rights in the years 1960-1990. We find that in the years after TRIPS was signed, the strength of patent enforcement of a country is positively determined by two variables that signify the usage of the patent and intellectual property system, and the number of patent and trademark applications. We also find that the level of research and development expenditure, the quality of human capital, and the level of development of a country have positive effects on the strength of the enforcement of patent law in practice. Intellectual property rights enforcement is one of the key investment-related policies included in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development. Identifying the determinants of strong patent systems will help policymakers at the national and supranational levels to design and implement effective policies that strengthen national patent systems, thereby enhancing economic benefits such as greater levels of commercialization of intangible assets and greater levels of international trade and investment.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://unctad.org/en/pages/publications/Transnational-Corporations-(Journal).aspxen_US
dc.rightsFrom Transnational Corporations, by Nikolaos Papageorgiadis, Chengang Wang and Georgios Magkonis, ©(2019) United Nations. Used with the permission of the United Nations.
dc.subjectPatent rightsen_US
dc.subjectPatent systemen_US
dc.subjectPatent lawen_US
dc.subjectPatent enforcementen_US
dc.subjectTRIPSen_US
dc.subjectTrade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rightsen_US
dc.titleFactors contributing to the strength of national patent protection and enforcement after TRIPSen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2019-02-27
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-04-02T12:28:30Z


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