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dc.contributor.authorCronin de Chavez, A.*
dc.contributor.authorIslam, Shahid*
dc.contributor.authorMcEachan, Rosemary*
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-27T10:27:56Z
dc.date.available2019-02-27T10:27:56Z
dc.date.issued2019-03
dc.identifier.citationCronin de Chavez A, Islam S and McEachan R (2019) Not a level playing field: a qualitative study exploring structural, community and individual determinants of greenspace use amongst low-income multi-ethnic families. Health & Place. 56: 118-126.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/16854
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractGreenspace is important for physical and mental health. Low-income, multi-ethnic populations in deprived urban areas experience several barriers to using greenspace. This may exacerbate health inequalities. The current study explored structural and individual determinants of greenspace use amongst parents of young children in an urban, deprived, multi-cultural area situated in the North of England, UK. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 30 parents of children aged 0–3 between December 2016 and May 2017 from a range of ethnic groups. Thematic analyses were informed by the Human Health Habitat Map and the Theoretical Domains Framework. The results show that whilst all families recognised the benefits of greenspaces, use was bounded by a variety of structural, community, and individual determinants. Individual determinants preventing use included lack of knowledge about where to go, or how to get there and confidence in managing young children whilst outdoors. Fear of crime, antisocial behaviour and accidents were the overriding barriers to use, even in high quality spaces. Social and community influences both positively encouraged use (for example, positive social interactions, and practical support by others) and prevented use (antisocial or inappropriate behaviours experienced in greenspace). The built environment was a key barrier to use. Problems related to unsuitable or unsafe playgrounds, no gardens or safe areas for children's play, poor accessibility, and lack of toilets were identified. However, the value that parents and children placed on natural blue and green features was an enabler to use. Contextual influences included external time pressures, difficulties of transporting and caring for young children and poor weather. Multi-sectoral efforts are needed to tackle the uneven playing field experienced by multi-ethnic, urban, deprived communities. Initiatives to increase use should tackle structural quality issues, addressing fears about safety, whilst simultaneously encouraging communities to reclaim their local greenspaces.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipreceived funding through a peer review process from the Big Lottery Fund as part of the A Better Start programme. RM is partly funded by the NIHR CLAHRC Yorkshire and Humber.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.01.018en_US
dc.rights© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectGreenspaceen_US
dc.subjectEthnicityen_US
dc.subjectTheoretical domains frameworken_US
dc.subjectSocio-ecological modelen_US
dc.subjectBarriersen_US
dc.subjectLow-incomeen_US
dc.subjectDeprivationen_US
dc.subjectUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.titleNot a level playing field: a qualitative study exploring structural, community and individual determinants of greenspace use amongst low-income multi-ethnic familiesen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2019-01-28
dc.date.application2019-02-05
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-02-27T10:27:56Z


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