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dc.contributor.authorHamed, Heiam A. Mohamed
dc.contributor.authorHale, William H.G.
dc.contributor.authorStern, Ben
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-06T13:54:37Z
dc.date.available2018-12-06T13:54:37Z
dc.date.issued2018-06
dc.identifier.citationHamed HAM, Hale WHG and Stern B (2018) Determination of contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and their mode of origin, in urban soils from Leeds (UK). International Journal of Advances in Science Engineering and Technology. 6(2) Spl Issue 2: 11-15.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/16692
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to determine the concentration of 16 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban soils from Leeds in order to determine what the factors are controlling their distribution and abundances. Soil samples were collected across an area from Leeds. Gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using selected ion monitoring (SIM) was used to identify and quantify PAHs in the soil samples with the aid of PAH external standards. The results showed the highest concentrations of total PAHs in sample L8 (1344 ng/g) taken from an area located near a parking site and road in Leeds and the lowest total concentration of the 16 PAHs in sample L16 (87 ng/g) taken from a private garden. The ratio of anthracene to anthracene plus phenanthrene AN/(AN + PH), fluoranthene to fluoranthene plus pyrene FLU/(PY+FLU) and benzo[a]anthracene to 228 (BaA/228) implied that the PAHs pollution originated from pyrogenic, biomass and petroleum combustion in the samples which were collected from Leeds city.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://www.iraj.in/journal/journal_file/journal_pdf/6-480-153482833911-15.pdfen_US
dc.rights© 2018 International Journal of Advances in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJASEAT). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.en_US
dc.subjectUrban soilen_US
dc.subjectPAHsen_US
dc.subjectSoil pollutionen_US
dc.subjectPolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbonsen_US
dc.subjectLeedsen_US
dc.subjectUKen_US
dc.subjectUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.titleDetermination of contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and their mode of origin, in urban soils from Leeds (UK)en_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionpublished version paperen_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-12-06T13:54:37Z


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