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dc.contributor.authorAlzyoud, K.*
dc.contributor.authorHogg, P.*
dc.contributor.authorSnaith, Beverly*
dc.contributor.authorFlintham, K.*
dc.contributor.authorEngland, A.*
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-26T15:14:38Z
dc.date.available2018-11-26T15:14:38Z
dc.date.issued2018-10-03
dc.identifier.citationAlzyoud K, Hogg P, Snaith B et al (2018) Impact of body part thickness on AP pelvis radiographic image quality and effective dose. Radiography. 25(1): e11-e17.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/16669
dc.descriptionYes
dc.description.abstractWithin medical imaging variations in patient size can generate challenges, especially when selecting appropriate acquisition parameters. This experiment sought to evaluate the impact of increasing body part thickness on image quality (IQ) and effective dose (E) and identify optimum exposure parameters. Methods: An anthropomorphic pelvis phantom was imaged with additional layers (1e15 cm) of animal fat as a proxy for increasing body thickness. Acquisitions used the automatic exposure control (AEC), 100 cm source to image distance (SID) and a range of tube potentials (70e110 kVp). IQ was evaluated physically and perceptually. E was estimated using PCXMC software. Results: For all tube potentials, signal to noise ratio (SNR) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR) deceased as body part thickness increased. 70 kVp produced the highest SNR (46.6e22.6); CNR (42.8e17.6). Visual grading showed that the highest IQ scores were achieved using 70 and 75 kVp. As thickness increases, E increased exponentially (r ¼ 0.96; p < 0.001). Correlations were found between visual and physical IQ (SNR r ¼ 0.97, p < 0.001; CNR r ¼ 0.98, p < 0.001). Conclusion: To achieve an optimal IQ across the range of thicknesses, lower kVp settings were most effective. This is at variance with professional practice as there is a tendency for radiographers to increase kVp as thickness increases. Dose reductions were experienced at higher kVp settings and are a valid method for optimisation when imaging larger patients.
dc.description.sponsorshipHashemite University in Jordan, College of Radiographers Industry Partnership (CoRIPS)
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rights© 2018 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
dc.subjectPelvis radiography
dc.subjectImage quality
dc.subjectObesity
dc.subjectEffective dose
dc.titleImpact of body part thickness on AP pelvis radiographic image quality and effective dose
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.date.Accepted2018-09-06
dc.date.application2018-10-03
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.versionAccepted manuscript
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2018.09.001


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