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dc.contributor.authorAlsadaie, S.
dc.contributor.authorMujtaba, Iqbal M.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-04T09:13:09Z
dc.date.available2018-09-04T09:13:09Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationAlsadaie S and Mujtaba IM (2018) Crystallization of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide in the heat exchangers of once-through multistage flash (MSF-OT) desalination process. Computers & Chemical Engineering. Article in Press.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/16566
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractIn this paper, a dynamic model of fouling is presented to predict the crystallization of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide inside the condenser tubes of Once-Through Multistage Flash (MSF-OT) desalination process. The model considers the combination of kinetic and mass diffusion rates taking into account the effect of temperature, velocity and salinity of the seawater. The equations for seawater carbonate system are used to calculate the concentration of the seawater species. The effects of salinity and temperature on the solubility of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide are also considered. The results reveal an increase in the fouling inside the tubes caused by crystallization of CaCO3 and Mg(OH)2 with increase in the stage temperature. The intake seawater temperature and the Top Brine Temperature (TBT) are varied to investigate their impact on the fouling process. The results show that the (TBT) has greater impact than the seawater temperature on increasing the fouling.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2018.08.033en_US
dc.rights© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.en_US
dc.subjectMSF desalinationen_US
dc.subjectHeat exchangeren_US
dc.subjectFouling modelen_US
dc.subjectCalcium carbonateen_US
dc.subjectMagnesium hydroxideen_US
dc.subjectSolubility producten_US
dc.titleCrystallization of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide in the heat exchangers of once-through multistage flash (MSF-OT) desalination processen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2018-08-24
dc.date.application2018-08-25
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.date.EndofEmbargo2019-08-26
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.description.publicnotesThe full-text of this article will be released for public view at the end of the publisher embargo on 26 Aug 2019.en_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-04T09:13:13Z


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