Anomalous Nature Of Metamaterial Inclusion and Compact Metamaterial-Inspired Antennas Model For Wireless Communication Systems. A Study of Anomalous Comportment of Small Metamaterial Inclusions and their Effects when Placed in the Vicinity of Antennas, and Investigation of Different Aspects of Metamaterial-Inspired Small Antenna Models
AuthorJan, Naeem A.
SupervisorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.
Noras, James M.
McEwan, Neil J.
Wireless Communication Systems
Co-Planar Waveguide (CPW)
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)
Zero-Order Resonator (ZOR)
The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a Creative Commons Licence.
InstitutionUniversity of Bradford
DepartmentFaculty of Engineering and Informatics
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AbstractMetamaterials are humanly engineered artificial electromagnetic materials which produce electromagnetic properties that are unusual, yet can be observed readily in nature. These unconventional properties are not a result of the material composition but rather of the structure formed. The objective of this thesis is to investigate and design smaller and wideband metamaterial-inspired antennas for personal communication applications, especially for WiMAX, lower band and higher band WLAN applications. These antennas have been simulated using HFSS Structure Simulator and CST Microwave Studio software. The first design to be analysed is a low-profile metamaterial-inspired CPW-Fed monopole antenna for WLAN applications. The antenna is based on a simple strip loaded with a rectangular patch incorporating a zigzag E-shape metamaterial-inspired unit cell to enable miniaturization effect. Secondly, a physically compact, CSRR loaded monopole antenna with DGS has been proposed for WiMAX/WLAN operations. The introduction of CSRR induces frequency at lower WLAN 2.45 GHz band while the DGS has provided bandwidth enhancement in WiMAX and upper WLAN frequency bands, keeping the radiation pattern stable. The next class of antenna is a compact cloud-shaped monopole antenna consisting of a staircase-shaped DGS has been proposed for UWB operation ranges from 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz. The novel shaped antenna along with carefully designed DGS has resulted in a positive gain throughout the operational bandwidth. Finally, a quad-band, CPW-Fed metamaterial-inspired antenna with CRLH-TL and EBG is designed for multi-band: Satellite, LTE, WiMAX and WLAN.
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Meta-Surface Wall Suppression of Mutual Coupling between Microstrip Patch Antenna Arrays for THz-Band ApplicationsAlibakhshikenari, M.; See, Chan H.; Virdee, B.S.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A. (2018)This paper presents a novel 2D meta-surface wall to increase the isolation between microstrip patch radiators in an antenna array that is operating in the teraherz (THz) band of 139–141 GHz for applications including communications, medical and security screening systems. The metasurface unit-cell comprises conjoined twin ‘Y-shape’ microstrip structures, which are inter-digitally interleaved together to create the meta-surface wall. The proposed meta-surface wall is free of via holes and defected ground-plane hence easing its fabrication. The meta-surface wall is inserted tightly between the radiating elements to reduce surface wave mutual coupling. For best isolation performance the wall is oriented orthogonal to the patch antennas. The antenna array exhibits a gain of 9.0 dBi with high isolation level of less than −63 dB between transmit and receive antennas in the specified THz-band. The proposed technique achieves mutual coupling suppression of more than 10 dB over a much wider frequency bandwidth (2 GHz) than achieved to date. With the proposed technique the edge-to-edge gap between the transmit and receive patch antennas can be reduced to 2.5 mm. Dimensions of the transmit and receive patch antennas are 5 × 5 mm2 with ground-plane size of 9 × 4.25 mm2 when being constructed on a conventional lossy substrate with thickness of 1.6 mm.
Super-Wide Impedance Bandwidth Planar Antenna for Microwave and Millimeter-Wave ApplicationsAlibakhshikenari, M.; Virdee, B.S.; See, C.H.; Abd-Alhameed, Raed A.; Falcone, F.; Limiti, E. (2019-05-19)A feasibility study of a novel configuration for a super-wide impedance planar antenna is presented based on a 2 × 2 microstrip patch antenna (MPA) using CST Microwave Studio. The antenna comprises a symmetrical arrangement of four-square patches that are interconnected to each other with cross-shaped high impedance microstrip lines. The antenna array is excited through a single feedline connected to one of the patches. The proposed antenna array configuration overcomes the main drawback of conventional MPA with a narrow bandwidth that is typically <5%. The antenna exhibits a super-wide frequency bandwidth from 20 GHz to 120 GHz for S11 < −15 dB, which corresponds to a fractional bandwidth of 142.85%. The antenna’s performance of bandwidth, impedance match, and radiation gain were enhanced by etching slots on the patches. With the inclusion of the slot, the maximum radiation gain and efficiency of the MPA increased to 15.11 dBi and 85.79% at 80 GHz, which showed an improvement of 2.58 dBi and 12.54%, respectively. The dimension of each patch antenna was 4.3 × 5.3 mm2 . The results showed that the proposed MPA is useful for various existing and emerging communication systems such as ultra-wideband (UWB) communications, RFID systems, massive multiple-output multiple-input (MIMO) for 5G, and radar systems.
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