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dc.contributor.authorPatel, J.*
dc.contributor.authorLal, S.*
dc.contributor.authorNuss, K.*
dc.contributor.authorWilshaw, Stacy-Paul*
dc.contributor.authorvon Rechenberg, B.*
dc.contributor.authorHall, R.M.*
dc.contributor.authorTipper, J.L.*
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-19T08:52:50Z
dc.date.available2018-04-19T08:52:50Z
dc.date.issued2018-04-15
dc.identifier.citationPatel J, Sal S, Nuss K et al (2018) Recovery of low volumes of wear debris from rat stifle joint tissues using a novel particle isolation method. Acta Biomaterialia. 71: 339-350.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/15561
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractLess than optimal particle isolation techniques have impeded analysis of orthopaedic wear debris in vivo. The purpose of this research was to develop and test an improved method for particle isolation from tissue. A volume of 0.018 mm3 of clinically relevant CoCrMo, Ti-6Al-4V or Si3N4 particles was injected into rat stifle joints for seven days of in vivo exposure. Following sacrifice, particles were located within tissues using histology. The particles were recovered by enzymatic digestion of periarticular tissue with papain and proteinase K, followed by ultracentrifugation using a sodium polytungstate density gradient. Particles were recovered from all samples, observed using SEM and the particle composition was verified using EDX, which demonstrated that all isolated particles were free from contamination. Particle size, aspect ratio and circularity were measured using image analysis software. There were no significant changes to the measured parameters of CoCrMo or Si3N4 particles before and after the recovery process (KS tests, p > 0.05). Titanium particles were too few before and after isolation to analyse statistically, though size and morphologies were similar. Overall the method demonstrated a significant improvement to current particle isolation methods from tissue in terms of sensitivity and efficacy at removal of protein, and has the potential to be used for the isolation of ultra-low wearing total joint replacement materials from periprosthetic tissues.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2018.02.030en_US
dc.rights© 2018 Acta Material Inc. This is an Open Access article distributed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)en_US
dc.subjectCobalt chromium; Particle isolation; Silicon nitride; Titanium; Total joint replacement; Wearen_US
dc.titleRecovery of low volumes of wear debris from rat stifle joint tissues using a novel particle isolation methoden_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2018-02-19
dc.date.application2018-03-02
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionPublished versionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-28T03:51:30Z


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