Browsing Life Sciences by Subject "Supercritical carbon dioxide"
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Particle formation by mixing with supercritical antisolvent at high Reynolds numbers.A precipitation process is considered in which completely miscible solution and supercritical antisolvent are passed through premixing and diluting zones of a turbulent flow. The influence of flow velocity on particle size and nuclei concentration is discussed in terms of mixing and precipitation time constants and their supersaturation dependencies. The proposed model allowed the major process parameters such as supersaturation profile, mixed fluid fraction and mean particle size to be calculated and compared with experimental data. For the crystallization system paracetamol/ethanol/CO2 studied, the supersaturation profile becomes established at Re104. The particle size and shape are defined, firstly, by increase of supersaturation and relative volume of mixed (on molecular scale) fluid with increase of flow velocity and, secondly, by decrease of residence time available for nucleation with increase of flow velocity. These competitive processes can result in minimum particle size at a defined flow rate.