• High Performance Liquid Chromatography Assay Method for Simultaneous Quantitation of Formoterol and Budesonide in Symbicort Turbuhaler

      Assi, Khaled H.; Chrystyn, Henry; Tarsin, W. (2006)
      A sensitive and rapid high performance liquid chromatography method has been developed and used for the simultaneous determination of formoterol and budesonide in Symbicort Turbuhaler when assessing the aerodynamic characteristics of the emitted dose using Pharmacopoeial methods. This capability results in both time and cost saving. The mobile phase composition was acetonitrile-5 mM sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate, pH 3 (60: 40% v/v), and was passed at 1.5 ml min-1 through a C18 column with a UV detection (wavelength 214 nm). The method was shown to give good analytical performance in terms of linearity, precision (using phenylpropanolamine as an internal standard), sensitivity and solution stability. The intra-day precision for both formoterol and budesonide were 0.75% and 1.11%, respectively (n = 10). The limit of quantitation for formoterol was 10 ¿g L-1 and for budesonide was 120 ¿g L-1, and the limit of detection were 3 and 30 ¿g L-1, for both formoterol and budesonide, respectively. The method has been applied to determine the content of the emitted dose and the fine particle dose of Symbicort Turbuhaler.
    • Validation of high-performance liquid chromatography assay for quantification of formoterol in urine samples after inhalation using UV detection technique.

      Nadarassan, D.K.; Chrystyn, Henry; Clark, Brian J.; Assi, Khaled H. (2007)
      A novel high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay for the estimation of formoterol in urine samples was developed and validated. A solid phase extraction (SPE) using Oasis HLB was optimised to isolate formoterol from a urine matrix followed by HPLC with UV detection. This extraction procedure concentrated the final analyte forty times so that UV detection can be used to determine even a low concentration of formoterol in urine samples. The urinary assay was performed in accordance with FDA and ICH regulations for the validation of bioanalytical samples. The samples were injected onto a C18 Spherisorb® (250 mm x 4.6 mm x 5 ¿m) analytical column maintained at 30 °C. The mobile phase consisted of 5 mM of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate buffer (adjusted to pH 3 with ortho phosphoric acid):acetonitrile (ACN) (70:30, v/v), and the formoterol peak was detected at wavelength 214 nm. The extraction recovery of formoterol from the urine sample was >95%. The calibration curve was linear (r2=0.99) over formoterol concentrations ranging from 1.5 to 25 ng/mL (n=6). The method had an accuracy of >92% and intra and inter-day precision CV% of <3.9% and <2.2%, respectively, at three different concentrations low, medium and high (10, 15, 20 ng/mL). The limit of quantification (LOQ) for formoterol was found to be 1.50 ng/mL. The accuracy and precision at the LOQ level were 95% and %CV <3.7% (n = 10), respectively. The method reported is simple, reliable, precise, and accurate and has the capacity to be used for determination of formoterol in urine samples.