• Chemical and structural stability of zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks with large three-dimensional pores by linker engineering

      Kalidindi, S.B.; Nayak, Sanjit; Briggs, M.E.; Jansat, S.; Katsoulidis, A.P.; Miller, G.J.; Warren, J.E.; Antypov, D.; Cora, F.; Slater, B.; et al. (2015-01-02)
      The synthesis of metal–organic frameworks with large three-dimensional channels that are permanently porous and chemically stable offers new opportunities in areas such as catalysis and separation. Two linkers (L1=4,4′,4′′,4′′′-([1,1′-biphenyl]-3,3′,5,5′-tetrayltetrakis(ethyne-2,1-diyl)) tetrabenzoic acid, L2=4,4′,4′′,4′′′-(pyrene-1,3,6,8-tetrayltetrakis(ethyne-2,1-diyl))tetrabenzoic acid) were used that have equivalent connectivity and dimensions but quite distinct torsional flexibility. With these, a solid solution material, [Zr6O4(OH)4(L1)2.6(L2)0.4]⋅(solvent)x, was formed that has three-dimensional crystalline permanent porosity with a surface area of over 4000 m2 g−1 that persists after immersion in water. These properties are not accessible for the isostructural phases made from the separate single linkers.