• Expansion of the 4-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde Scaffold to Explore the Impact on Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity and Antiproliferative Activity in Prostate Cancer

      Ibrahim, Ali I.M.; Battle, Elisabet; Sneha, Smarakan; Jimenez, R.; Pequerul, R.; Pares, X.; Rüngeler, T.; Jha, V.; Tuccinardi, T.; Sadiq, Maria; et al. (2022-03-10)
      Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) are overexpressed in various tumor types including prostate cancer and considered a potential target for therapeutic intervention. 4-(Diethylamino)benzaldehyde (DEAB) has been extensively reported as a pan-inhibitor of ALDH isoforms, and here, we report on the synthesis, ALDH isoform selectivity, and cellular potencies in prostate cancer cells of 40 DEAB analogues; three analogues (14, 15, and 16) showed potent inhibitory activity against ALDH1A3, and two analogues (18 and 19) showed potent inhibitory activity against ALDH3A1. Significantly, 16 analogues displayed increased cytotoxicity (IC50 = 10-200 μM) compared with DEAB (>200 μM) against three different prostate cancer cell lines. Analogues 14 and 18 were more potent than DEAB against patient-derived primary prostate tumor epithelial cells, as single agents or in combination treatment with docetaxel. In conclusion, our study supports the use of DEAB as an ALDH inhibitor but also reveals closely related analogues with increased selectivity and potency.
    • Exploration of [2 + 2 + 2] cyclotrimerisation methodology to prepare tetrahydroisoquinoline-based compounds with potential aldo-keto reductase 1C3 target affinity

      Santos, Ana R.N.; Sheldrake, Helen M.; Ibrahim, Ali I.M.; Danta, Chhanda C.; Bonanni, D.; Daga, M.; Oliaro-Bosso, s.; Boschi, D.; Lolli, M.L.; Pors, Klaus (2019-01)
      Tetrahydroisoquinoline (THIQ) is a key structural component in many biologically active molecules including natural products and synthetic pharmaceuticals. Here, we report on the use of transition-metal mediated [2 + 2 + 2] cyclotrimerisation of alkynes to generate tricyclic THIQs with potential to selectively inhibit AKR1C3.