Genotoxicity of haloacetic acids, aspirin and ibuprofen in human cells. Genotoxic effects of water disinfectant- by-products in human blood and sperm and bulk and nano forms of aspirin and ibuprofen in human blood of respiratory disease patients
|Gopalan, Rajendran C.
|Ali, Aftab H.M.
|This project focuses on two important topics which may pose hazards to human health. Firstly, drinking water disinfection by-products (DBPs), which are generated by the chemical disinfection of water have been investigated. What has not been shown is the effect of DBPs in human germ cells as well as somatic cells and whether oxidative stress is involved in the mechanism of genotoxic action. Three different DBPs (halo acetic acids: HAAs), together with the antioxidants – catalase and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), were investigated in peripheral blood cells and sperm from healthy individuals using the Comet assay and lymphocytes only using the micronucleus assay. Secondly, nanoparticles of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin and ibuprofen, have been investigated in patients with respiratory diseases, in the micronucleus assay and the Comet repair assay. NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase enzyme activity, which plays part in tumour progression. In the Comet assay, BHA and catalase were able to reduce DNA damage in both cell types compared to HAAs alone. Similarly, in the micronucleus assay, micronuclei were reduced with the antioxidants, suggesting oxygen radical involvement in both assays. With the NSAIDs, reductions were seen for DNA damage in the micronucleus assay with aspirin and ibuprofen nanoparticles compared to their bulk forms. Using the Comet repair assay, aspirin and ibuprofen nanoparticles aided repair of DNA to a greater extent than their bulk counterparts, which in turn showed better repair compared to samples repaired without NSAIDs. These observations show the importance of DBPs and NSAIDs in genotoxic public health issues.
|United Kingdom India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI).
|<a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc-nd/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />The University of Bradford theses are licenced under a <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/">Creative Commons Licence</a>.
|Genotoxicity; Water disinfectant-by-products; Haloacetic acids (HAAs); Antioxidants; Catalase; Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA); Aspirin; Ibuprofen; Nanoparticles; Human blood; Sperm
|Genotoxicity of haloacetic acids, aspirin and ibuprofen in human cells. Genotoxic effects of water disinfectant- by-products in human blood and sperm and bulk and nano forms of aspirin and ibuprofen in human blood of respiratory disease patients
|University of Bradford
|Faculty of Life Sciences