AuthorAgyo, Sanfo D.
KeywordPhase space methods; Coherent states; Bi-fractional coherent states; Bi-fractional Wigner function; Bi-fractional P−function; Bi-fractional Q−function; Bi-fractional Moyal star product; Bi-fractional Berezin formalism
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InstitutionUniversity of Bradford
DepartmentFaculty of Engineering and Informatics, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
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AbstractThe displacement operator is related to the displaced parity operator through a two dimensional Fourier transform. Both operators are important operators in phase space and the trace of both with respect to the density operator gives the Wigner functions (displaced parity operator) and Weyl functions (displacement operator). The generalisation of the parity-displacement operator relationship considered here is called the bi-fractional displacement operator, O(α, β; θα, θβ). Additionally, the bi-fractional displacement operators lead to the novel concept of bi-fractional coherent states. The generalisation from Fourier transform to fractional Fourier transform can be applied to other phase space functions. The case of the Wigner-Weyl function is considered and a generalisation is given, which is called the bi-fractional Wigner functions, H(α, β; θα, θβ). Furthermore, the Q−function and P−function are also generalised to give the bi-fractional Q−functions and bi-fractional P−functions respectively. The generalisation is likewise applied to the Moyal star product and Berezin formalism for products of non-commutating operators. These are called the bi-fractional Moyal star product and bi-fractional Berezin formalism. Finally, analysis, applications and implications of these bi-fractional transforms to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, photon statistics and future applications are discussed.
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Interpolation between phase space quantities with bifractional displacement operatorsAgyo, Sanfo D.; Lei, Ci; Vourdas, Apostolos (2015-02-06)Bifractional displacement operators, are introduced by performing two fractional Fourier transforms on displacement operators. They are shown to be special cases of elements of the group G , that contains both displacements and squeezing transformations. Acting with them on the vacuum we get various classes of coherent states, which we call bifractional coherent states. They are special classes of squeezed states which can be used for interpolation between various quantities in phase space methods. Using them we introduce bifractional Wigner functions A(α,β;θα,θβ)A(α,β;θα,θβ), which are a two-dimensional continuum of functions, and reduce to Wigner and Weyl functions in special cases. We also introduce bifractional Q-functions, and bifractional P-functions. The physical meaning of these quantities is discussed.
The groupoid of bifractional transformationsAgyo, Sanfo D.; Lei, Ci; Vourdas, Apostolos (2017-05)Bifractional transformations which lead to quantities that interpolate between other known quantities are considered. They do not form a group, and groupoids are used to describe their mathematical structure. Bifractional coherent states and bifractional Wigner functions are also defined. The properties of the bifractional coherent states are studied. The bifractional Wigner functions are used in generalizations of the Moyal star formalism. A generalized Berezin formalism in this context is also studied.
Bi-fractional Wigner functionsAgyo, Sanfo D.; Lei, Ci; Vourdas, Apostolos (2016)Two fractional Fourier transforms are used to define bi-fractional displacement operators, which interpolate between displacement operators and parity operators. They are used to define bi-fractional coherent states. They are also used to define the bi-fractional Wigner function, which is a two-parameter family of functions that interpolates between the Wigner function and the Weyl function. Links to the extended phase space formalism are also discussed.