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dc.contributor.authorWatts, Gregory R.*
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-12T12:11:23Z
dc.date.available2017-12-12T12:11:23Z
dc.date.issued2018-01
dc.identifier.citationWatts G (2018) Tranquillity trails for urban areas. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 29: 154-161.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/14160
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractTranquil spaces can be found and made in the city and their promotion and use by residents and visitors is an important means of building resilience. Studies have shown that spaces that are rated by visitors as tranquil are more likely to produce higher levels of relaxation and less anxiety that should ultimately result in health and well-being benefits. Such spaces can therefore be classed as restorative environments. Tranquil spaces are characterized by a soundscape dominated by natural sounds and low levels of man-made noise. In addition, the presence of vegetation and wild life has been shown to be an important contributory factor. Levels of rated tranquillity can be reliably predicted using a previously developed model TRAPT and then used to design and identify tranquil spaces, improve existing green spaces and develop Tranquillity Trails to encourage usage. Tranquillity Trails are walking routes that have been designed to enable residents and visitors to reflect and recover from stress while receiving the benefits of healthy exercise. This paper describes Tranquillity Trails designed for three contrasting areas. Predictions of the rated tranquillity have been made along these routes and feedback from users was elicited at one site that confirmed the expected benefits.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipBradford Centre for Sustainable Environments in the Faculty of Engineering and Informatics at the University of Bradford.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.11.015en_US
dc.rights© 2018 Elsevier. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.en_US
dc.subjectTranquillity; Urban area; Walking route; Soundscapeen_US
dc.titleTranquillity trails for urban areasen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2017-11-23
dc.date.application2017-11-26
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-11-27T09:21:22Z


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