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dc.contributor.authorHabas, Khaled S.A.*
dc.contributor.authorBrinkworth, Martin H.*
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Diana*
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-05T12:01:16Z
dc.date.available2017-12-05T12:01:16Z
dc.date.issued2017-03
dc.identifier.citationHabas K, Brinkworth MH and Anderson D (2017) In vitro responses to known in vivo genotoxic agents in mouse germ cells. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. 58(2): 99-107.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/14066
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractGenotoxic compounds have induced DNA damage in male germ cells and have been associated with adverse clinical outcomes including enhanced risks for maternal, paternal and offspring health. DNA strand breaks represent a great threat to the genomic integrity of germ cells. Such integrity is essential to maintain spermatogenesis and prevent reproduction failure. The Comet assay results revealed that the incubation of isolated germ cells with n-ethyl-n-nitrosourea (ENU), 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and methyl methanesulphonate (MMS) led to increase in length of Olive tail moment and % tail DNA when compared with the untreated control cells and these effects were concentration-dependent. All compounds were significantly genotoxic in cultured germ cells. Exposure of isolated germ cells to ENU produced the highest concentration-related increase in both DNA damage and gene expression changes in spermatogonia. Spermatocytes were most sensitive to 6-MP, with DNA damage and gene expression changes while spermatids were particularly susceptible to MMS. Real-time PCR results showed that the mRNA level expression of p53 increased and bcl-2 decreased significantly with the increasing ENU, 6-MP and MMS concentrations in spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids respectively for 24 hr. Both are gene targets for DNA damage response and apoptosis. These observations may help explain the cell alterations caused by ENU, 6-MP and MMS in spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids. Taken together, ENU, 6-MP and MMS induced DNA damage and decreased apoptosis associated gene expression in the germ cells in vitro.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipLibyan Governmenten_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://doi.org/10.1002/em.22075en_US
dc.rights© 2017 Wiley This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Habas K, Brinkworth MH and Anderson D (2017) In vitro responses to known in vivo genotoxic agents in mouse germ cells. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. 58(2): 99-107, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/em.22075. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
dc.subjectGenetics; DNA damage; Comet assay; Gene expression; Male germ cellsen_US
dc.titleIn vitro responses to known in vivo genotoxic agents in mouse germ cellsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2017-01-29
dc.date.application2017-02-16
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-27T02:29:20Z


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