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dc.contributor.authorSee, Chan H.*
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Alhameed, Raed A.*
dc.contributor.authorAtojoko, Achimugu A.*
dc.contributor.authorMcEwan, Neil J.*
dc.contributor.authorExcell, Peter S.*
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-07T08:45:28Z
dc.date.available2017-06-07T08:45:28Z
dc.date.issued2018-01
dc.identifier.citationSee CH, Abd-Alhameed RA, Atojoko AA, McEwan NJ, Excell PS (2018) Link Budget Maximization for a Mobile-Band Subsurface Wireless Sensor in Challenging Water Utility Environments. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. 65(1): 616 - 625.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/12141
dc.descriptionyesen_US
dc.description.abstractA subsurface chamber transceiver system and associated propagation channel link budget considerations for an underground wireless sensor system (UWSS) are presented: the application was a sewerage system for a water utility company. The UWSS operates over the GSM850/900, GSM1800/1900 and UMTS bands in order to operate with the standard public mobile phone system. A novel antenna was developed to minimize path loss from the underground location: a folded loop type, which is small enough to fit conveniently inside a utility manhole access chamber while giving adequate signal strength to link to mobile base stations from such a challenging environment. The electromagnetic performance was simulated and measured in both free space and in a real manhole chamber. An experimental test bed was created to determine the return loss and received signal strength with different transceiver positions below the manhole chamber access cover. Both numerical and experimental results suggested an optimum position of the unit inside the manhole, combining easy access for maintenance with viable received signal strength. This confirmed that the characteristics were adequate for incorporation in a transceiver designed to communicate with mobile base stations from underground. A field trial confirmed the successful operation of the system under severe conditions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported partially by Yorkshire Innovation Fund, IETG Ltd. Contract, Research Development Project (RDP) and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement H2020-MSCA-ITN-2016 SECRET-722424.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2017.2719602en_US
dc.rights© 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.en_US
dc.subjectGSM; Mobile band antenna; Received signal strength; Subsurface propagation; Underground utilities; Sewerage system; Water utility; Wireless sensor network; Link budget;en_US
dc.titleLink Budget Maximization for a Mobile-Band Subsurface Wireless Sensor in Challenging Water Utility Environmentsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2017-06
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US


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