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dc.contributor.authorBah, Essa*
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Karen*
dc.contributor.authorPotts, David J.*
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-22T13:47:06Z
dc.date.available2017-05-22T13:47:06Z
dc.date.issued2018-11
dc.identifier.citationBah E, Jackson K and Potts D (2018) Regional trade institutions in West Africa: historical reflections. Journal of International Development. 30(8): 1255-1272.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/12020
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper reflects on trade institutions across West Africa from the Empirehood to the present day. We found that regional trade institutions were more standardised across West Africa before the current countries gained their independence. We argue that reflection on past trade institutions could provide important guidance for policy makers currently involved in deepening the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Our review of the literature suggests that the Empirehood was an era with more standardised trade institutions across the region relative to the current ones. Societal norms and political consensus such as the ‘Mande charter’ and the coming of Islam created a discipline that enhanced confidence in the ability to trade, which was facilitated by common trade institutions such as convertible common currencies and letters of credit. During the colonial era, West African common currencies were also established to facilitate exchange. Historical changes in governance resulted in the loss of some facets of well-functioning trade institutions. This paper argues that historical context can provide policy makers with the confidence that current institutional barriers to trade can be addressed. ECOWAS members could reflect on historical good practices if they are to accelerate the integration process and to realise the full potential of regional trade.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jid.3292
dc.rights© 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bah E, Jackson K and Potts D (2018) Regional trade institutions in West Africa: historical reflections. Journal of International Development. 30(8): 1255-1272, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jid.3292. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
dc.subjectTrade institutions; Empirehood; Colonial; ECOWASen_US
dc.titleRegional trade institutions in West Africa: historical reflectionsen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2017-05-06
dc.date.application2017-06-13
dc.date.application2019-06-13
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-11-26T14:37:51Z


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