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dc.contributor.authorDenniss, Jonathan*
dc.contributor.authorMcKendrick, A.M.*
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-10T14:39:49Z
dc.date.available2017-01-10T14:39:49Z
dc.date.issued2016-03
dc.identifier.citationDenniss J and McKendrick AM (2016) Flicker-Defined Form Stimuli are Minimally Affected by Centre-Surround Lateral Contrast Interactions. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 36(2): 174-182.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/11085
dc.descriptionyesen_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose Flicker-defined form (FDF) stimuli have recently been adopted for visual field testing. A key difference between FDF and traditional perimetric stimuli is that the entire display background contains flickering dots. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the perception of FDF stimuli is influenced by lateral interactions involving regions beyond the stimulus border in young healthy observers. Methods Experiment 1 measured the effect of surround size and retinal eccentricity on the detection of the FDF contour. Psychometric functions were collected for surround diameters of 20°, 30° and 40°, and with stimuli centred at eccentricities of 0°, 10° and 20°. Experiment 2 measured the effect of target-surround temporal phase difference on apparent temporal contrast (flicker strength) of the target for both the FDF stimulus and a solid-field stimulus. Psychometric functions were collected for target-surround phase differences of 0°, 45°, 90°, 135° and 180°. Results Our results show a mild surround-suppression effect for FDF stimuli that is independent of surround size. Magnitudes of FDF surround suppression were consistent with the reduced temporal contrast energy of the stimulus compared to solid-field stimuli. Conclusion FDF stimuli necessarily have both flickering target and background. Our results suggest that visual field defects outside the target are unlikely to markedly influence the detection and perception of the FDF stimulus. Nevertheless, mild surround suppression of contrast arises for FDF stimuli, hence interactions between the background and the target area may influence FDF results in conditions that alter centre-surround perceptual effects.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12268en_US
dc.rights© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Full-text reproduced in accordance with the publisher’s self-archiving policy. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Denniss J and McKendrick AM (2016) Flicker-Defined Form Stimuli are Minimally Affected by Centre-Surround Lateral Contrast Interactions. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 36(2): 174-182, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/opo.12268. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.en_US
dc.subjectFlicker-­defined form; Centre-­surround; Lateral interactions; Perimetry; Flicker; Phantom contouren_US
dc.titleFlicker-Defined Form Stimuli are Minimally Affected by Centre-Surround Lateral Contrast Interactionsen_US
dc.status.refereedyesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2016-11-10
dc.date.application2016-01-06
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-25T15:55:44Z


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