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dc.contributor.authorConteh, F.M.*
dc.contributor.authorHarris, David*
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-18T14:26:56Z
dc.date.available2016-11-18T14:26:56Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationConteh FM and Harris D (2014) Swings and roundabouts: the vagaries of democratic consolidation and ‘electoral rituals’ in Sierra Leone. Critical African Studies. 6(1): 57-70.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/10382
dc.descriptionYesen_US
dc.description.abstractThe history of the electoral process in Sierra Leone is at the same time tortuous and substantial. From relatively open competitive multi-party politics in the 1960s, which led to the first turnover of power at the ballot box, through the de facto and de jure one-party era, which nonetheless had elements of electoral competition, and finally to contemporary post-conflict times, which has seen three elections and a second electoral turnover in 2007, one can discern evolving patterns. Evidence from the latest local and national elections in 2012 suggests that there is some democratic consolidation, at least in an electoral sense. However, one might also see simultaneous steps forward and backward – What you gain on the swings, you may lose on the roundabouts. This is particularly so in terms of institutional capacities, fraud and violence, and one would need to enquire of the precise ingredients – in terms of political culture or in other words the attitudes and motivations of electors and the elected – of this evolving Sierra Leonean, rather than specifically liberal type, of democracy. Equally, the development of ‘electoral rituals’, whether peculiar to Sierra Leone or not and whether deemed consolidatory or not, has something to say as part of an investigation into the electoral element of democratic consolidation.1 The literature on elections in Africa most often depicts a number of broad features, such as patronage, ethno-regionalism, fraud and violence, and it is the intention of this article to locate contemporary Sierra Leone, as precisely as possible, within the various strands of this discourse.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21681392.2014.889883en_US
dc.rights© 2014 Taylor & Francis. This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Critical African Studies on 6 March 2014 available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681392.2014.889883en_US
dc.subjectSierra Leone; Elections; Democratic consolidationen_US
dc.titleSwings and roundabouts: the vagaries of democratic consolidation and ‘electoral rituals’ in Sierra Leoneen_US
dc.status.refereedYesen_US
dc.date.Accepted2014-01-24
dc.date.application2014-03-06
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.type.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-26T09:11:36Z


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