KeywordIntellectual property; Patent; National patent systems index; Patent enforcement; Patent system development; Intellectual property rights; foreign direct investment; Economic growth; Protection; Multinationals; Strategy; Institution; Innovation; Nations; Piracy
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AbstractIn this paper we report on a composite index of international patent systems strength for 48 developing and industrialized countries annually from 1998 to 2011. Building upon earlier indices we develop a conceptual framework informed by transaction cost theory and derive measures which emphasize the importance of enforcement-related aspects of the patent system of countries. Findings reveal harmonization of the regulative aspects of patent protection internationally in the post-TRIPs era but not of overall national patent systems. The index should inform studies on the relationship between national patent systems and a range of international business and other phenomena. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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CitationPapageorgiadis N, Cross AR and Alexiou C (2014) International patent systems strength 1998-2011. Journal of World Business. 49(4): 586-597.
Link to publisher’s versionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2013.12.011
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