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dc.contributor.authorBaumgartner, Adolf
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-27T15:50:12Z
dc.date.available2016-10-27T15:50:12Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationBaumgartner A (2013) Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in genotoxicology. In: Dhawan A and Bajpayee M (Eds) Genotoxicity Assessment. (Methods in Molecular Biology) New York: Humana/Springer: 245-268.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10454/10121
dc.descriptionNo
dc.description.abstractIn the past two decades comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and array CGH have become crucial and indispensable tools in clinical diagnostics. Initially developed for the genome-wide screening of chromosomal imbalances in tumor cells, CGH as well as array CGH have also been employed in genotoxicology and most recently in toxicogenomics. The latter methodology allows a multi-endpoint analysis of how genes and proteins react to toxic agents revealing molecular mechanisms of toxicology. This chapter provides a background on the use of CGH and array CGH in the context of genotoxicology as well as a protocol for conventional CGH to understand the basic principles of CGH. Array CGH is still cost intensive and requires suitable analytical algorithms but might become the dominating assay in the future when more companies provide a large variety of different commercial DNA arrays/chips leading to lower costs for array CGH equipment as well as consumables such as DNA chips. As the amount of data generated with microarrays exponentially grows, the demand for powerful adaptive algorithms for analysis, competent databases, as well as a sound regulatory framework will also increase. Nevertheless, chromosomal and array CGH are being demonstrated to be effective tools for investigating copy number changes/variations in the whole genome, DNA expression patterns, as well as loss of heterozygosity after a genotoxic impact. This will lead to new insights into affected genes and the underlying structures of regulatory and signaling pathways in genotoxicology and could conclusively identify yet unknown harmful toxicants.
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-529-3_13
dc.subjectComparative genomic hybridisation; CGH; Array CGH; Microarray; Genomic imbalances; Genotoxicology
dc.titleComparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in genotoxicology
dc.status.refereedYes
dc.typeBook chapter
dc.type.versionNo full-text available in the repository


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